As experience shows, planning rose beds in our own gardens, we rarely take into account the variety of available forms of these beautiful flowers. Usually we are satisfied with the many-flowered, noble and shrub roses.
Many-flowered roses play an important role on our gardens. These plants, covered with a mass of flowers, with several buds on one stem, create beautiful, colorful spots. Their even flowering height also contributes to this. We use them to create small and large area bedding plantings in the garden, on the edges of terraces, in front of the house, by paths and garden paths, as low hedges, to plant graves or to fill appropriately large pots.
Types of Many-flowered Roses:
- Polyantha roses: with short shoots and very bushy habit with small, more or less single flowers gathered in multiflowered canopies.
- Floribunda roses: varieties of this type combine the low habit of bushy roses and their multi-flower character with the beauty of noble rose forms. They are characterized by a loose structure of flowers, and the richness of colors compete with noble roses. Strong fragrance is unfortunately a rarity. These cultivars stay in vases for a very long time.
Distances between the bushes of Many-flowered Roses
Depending on the variety, the many-flowered roses grow to different heights and reach different widths. This fact alone makes it necessary to keep different spacing between the different plants. Soil fertility is important, e.g. on light sandy soils we will plant twice as many roses per 1 m² as on heavy loess beds. The frequency of rainfall in a given area also influences the planting density of rose bushes: the denser the planting, the later the leaves wet from rain will dry out. Because with prolonged moisture retention, the likelihood of fungal spores is increased, we plant roses at a greater distance from each other in particularly wet locations or in locations sheltered from the wind. The general rule of thumb is a 30-40 cm distance between weakly growing varieties (6 to 8 plants/m²) and a 40-60 cm distance between strong growing roses (4 plants/m²).
Many-flowered Roses Care Treatments
During the annual spring cutting, three to four of the strongest shoots are left with the same number of meshes. Plants with weak growth can be stimulated to produce new shoots more actively, shortening them much more strongly: leaving only 20 cm shoots. Besides, the rule of thumb is: we remove all dry parts of the ro- saliva. Since the soft rose stems dry down, we always cut at least 0.5 cm above the eye.
Further instructions for Many-flowered Roses
The vaccination site should be permanently shielded at least 3 cm below ground. It protects the plant from frost, and needlework or needlework before winter becomes superfluous. Only in particularly cold areas, covering with a spruce branch is not necessary. Such covering protects not so much from the cold as from the sun, especially in early spring.
Wonderful noble roses (also known as tea hybrids) differ from the other varieties in that they usually develop one flower, possibly two or three, on one stalk. The flowers are usually full with an elegant form and pleasant scent. Due to the small number of flowers, the effect of noble roses on the beds is not very pronounced, so they can not be used like the many-flowered roses. Because the most beautiful are the flowers observed from close up (also in terms of intensity of smell), so it is worth planting noble roses in the immediate vicinity of the paths, preferably in small groups, as single specimens or in a composition with perennials. They look particularly elegant when planted before the evergreen backstage. As cut flowers they are a real interior decoration.
Distances between seedlings of Noble Roses
The spacing between individual bushes depends on the growth strength of a given variety, although usually it is within 30, 40 or 50 cm. Further recommendations and tips as well as the one set on a strong stalk.
Noble Roses Care treatments
In a noble rose, every single flower should be large and beautiful, set on a strong stem. Such an effect will only be achieved by cutting the plant sharply. Without pruning only in the first year, the crowns will have a little more flowers, but the bottom will soon become bald and the flower stalks will become short, the flowers smaller and poorer. Only firm pruning allows the development of strong stems and dazzling flowers in season and valuable buds for next year.
Precious roses require both for planting and care of similar treatments as bed roses. From each plant we first remove all thin and too densely growing shoots. From the remaining strong shoots, which grew last year, each one should be pruned, leaving from three to five lowest meshes. We repeat this treatment every year. We count only those fully developed meshes, from which we are sure to develop healthy, shapely shoots. During the cutting we make sure that the plant keeps a nice habit – we cut some shoots more, others less.
The shrub rose family is made up of older sisters and bigger brothers of the many-flowered and noble roses. They are taller and wider; the varieties with the strongest growth in favourable conditions reach 2 m high and more. It is not easy to draw clear boundaries separating the many-flowered roses, noble and shrub roses, allowing even quick finding of specific varieties in catalogs. In various possibilities of application, shrub roses are most willingly planted as soliters on lawns and perennial beds, although they look equally attractive as free-growing hedges or in group plantings right at the house, in the vestibules of the garden or around terraces. The bright colors of the flowers sparkle all over the world against the background of dark green evergreen trees and shrubs.
A special aesthetic influence on the surroundings is attributed to the shrubs of wild roses with decorative, differently shaped and interesting fruits, which until late winter persist on the bushes, which are an extremely important source of food for birds. Wild roses come from wrinkled roses (Rosa rugosa), they are very popular among owners of natural, rustic gardens.
Distances between seedlings of Shrub Roses
The variety of heights and cuts of shrub roses belongs to their nature. And it is precisely this feature that makes it difficult, if not impossible, to determine the generally applicable data on the area that a shrub needs. If we want to quickly create impressive groups of shrub roses in our garden, we spread the seedlings at smaller distances from each other than we do with the loose neighborhood of the lonely growing varieties, when the beauty and splendor of the hanging branches of the shrub is more valuable.
So in case of shrub roses the 50 cm distance between cuttings is as good and proper as the 2 m distance. Dense planting is also valid for shrub roses planted as hedges. When buying seedlings do not give up the advice of experienced rose lovers.
Shrub Roses Care treatments
Shrub roses are particularly resistant to frost. They do not require as much care as many-flowered roses and noble roses, especially so frequent pruning. Unlike many-flowered and noble roses, shrub roses bloom on short shoots, which appear along the long last year’s shoots. Constant shortening of shrub roses leads to intensive development of the long shoots, but it doesn’t stimulate the bush to bloom more abundantly. Usually it’s enough to cut through older plants. Then we remove the older shoots right next to the ground, so as to make room for young successors. Every four or five years it is recommended to make a more radical cut with a secateurs or a ball.