Pruning Trees and Shrubs Archives - Old Gardening

How to grow a traditional organic garden

Category: Pruning Trees and Shrubs

Pruning of Deciduous Shrubs

Many of us think that deciduous shrubs and plants need to be cut as regularly as fruit trees and shrubs. However, this is not the case. In fact, there is only one reason why deciduous trees and shrubs need to be pruned, and that is to help keep the plant alive for longer, young and blooming abundantly. Pruning should not restrict the growth of the tree or shrub (only formed hedges are an exception), on the contrary, it should serve to stimulate it, while maintaining its natural form. In very rare cases, we use rejuvenation pruning, which aims to stimulate the plant to life.

How to Prune Hedges

The hedge is the best fence you can dream of. It not only protects you from curious people, but also from dust, fumes and wind, while giving shelter to birds. That’s why it’s good to know how to prune hedges. In addition, the green walls can be an original decoration, provide a background for flowering bushes and perennials, divide the garden into interiors, emphasize paths and passages, surround herbal gardens, create mazes.

Even before planting the hedge you have to decide what role it should play: whether it should be high or low, whether it can be wide or rather narrow, and whether you want it to be green all year round or blooming from spring to autumn.

Why do we prune plants?

Standing by the bush with a pruning shear in your hand, you probably sometimes feel nervous because you don’t know where you should cut off or just shorten this or that branch. You will become more confident when you answer the question: why do we prune plants?

Whether to make it bloom better or to make it not so big, not so dense, or maybe the opposite: to make it thicker as quickly as possible? Prunning can both reduce size and cause growth, so if you don’t want to get angry and harm the plant, think about it for a while.

General Rules for Cutting Roses

Before you get into the thicket of rose bushes with a secateurs in your hand, think carefully about which group a given rose belongs to, because not all of them are cut equally. Another cut is required for large-flowered roses, a completely different climbing rose that blooms once a year, and yet another for climbing roses that repeat flowering. To make it easier for you to learn how to cut, remember some general rules for cutting roses.

The basic cutting of roses is always done in spring, not too early; a good date is the moment of forsythia flowering (early April). In autumn, we can only remove the blooming flowers.

Pruning Trees and Shrubs in Winter

In the horticultural tradition of old times, there was a belief that the most appropriate time to cut fruit trees and bushes, including ornamental plants and hedges, is winter, especially its end. What was the justification for such a recommendation? What are the advantages of winter pruning trees and shrubs?

When do Wounds from Pruning Trees and Shrubs “Bleed Less”?

Especially during the dormancy of plants. In winter the juices don’t circulate, so wounds “bleed less”. It was also believed that winter pruning is less harmful to the plants, because it makes it easier for them to heal their wounds quickly in spring, right during the first start of the juices. This quite drastic treatment was carried out in the winter period also because the trees and shrubs suffered less.

OldGardening 2020